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1 year ago

In general CNFs are produced by high temperature

In general, CNFs 'Amrubicin' are produced by high-temperature catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD) of carbon-containing gases over small transition metal (e.g. iron, nickel, and cobalt) nanoparticles (NPs) [7], [8], [9], [10] and [11]. Correspondingly, metal NPs can be located at the tips or in the bodies of CNFs, leading to the formation of metal–CNFs composite materials. Recently, we showed that Amrubicin CNFs were synthesized over supported metal catalysts derived from layered double hydroxides (LDHs) [12] and [13]. LDHs with the general formula [M1−x2+Mx3+(OH)2]x+[Ax/n]n− · mH2O are known as a family of highly ordered two-dimensional layered materials [14] and [15], which consist of positively charged layers and negative anions in the interlayer. Therefore, well-dispersed metal catalysts may be formed by reducing calcined LDHs [16], [17], [18] and [19]. Currently, we have explored the generation and stabilization of highly dispersed nickel NPs via either the reduction of NiAl-LDH precursor supported on carbon nanotubes or in situ self-reduction of hybrid composite of NiAl-LDH and carbon [20] and [21].

1 year ago

Introduction Mercury Hg is well known to cause adverse effects

Although a wide range of test conditions was used on these studies that makes the results more case-specific, manganese oxide (MnOx) was shown to be one of the active components for Hg0 oxidation. Notably, some studies have also shown that flue gas components, such as HCl, O2, SOx, NOx, NH3, and H2O, played an important role on Hg0 oxidation by metal oxides and SCR catalysts. In general, HCl, O2, NO2, and Cl2 showed enhancing oxidation of Hg0 into Hg2+, while SO2, NO, and NH3 could inhibit Hg0 oxidation [6], [11], [13], [16], [17], [18], [19] and [20].

1 year ago

We carried out the purification

We carried out the purification of taurine from P. yezoensis. Taurine was isolated and purified by cation exchange chromatography after membrane filtration. The component was eluted with ultrapure water, and the elution profile is shown in Fig. 2. The taurine concentration was very low in the initial fractions, and then the taurine concentration increased sharply (from fraction number 3 to 6). The highest taurine concentration was acquired at fraction number 6, and then the taurine concentration decreased thereafter. P. yezoensis is rich in free Abiraterone acetate (such as Tau, Ala, Asp, Glu). Free amino acids in P. yezoensis extract before (A) and after (B) absorption of 732 cation resin are shown in Fig. 3. Fig. 3 indicates that the other main free amino acids (especially Ala) were efficiently absorbed by 732 cation resin. Taurine in P. yezoensis extract was efficiently separated and purified by 732 cation exchange resin. Crude taurine was acquired by precipitation using ethanol. The precipitate was then further purified by crystallization (for details see Section 2.4. Taurine separation and purification procedure). The yield of taurine product is 1.1 ± 0.1% (DW).

1 year ago

Fig xA The flow sheet of experiments following the

As shown in Fig. 2, decreasing the “fresh biomass × total sugar content” reduces environmental performance in most impact categories, especially with regard to the levels of FAETP, EP, and AP; meanwhile, moderate impacts were observed on GWP and TETP. This condition also increases the demand of land per FU to produce feedstock for bioethanol. Thus, the consumption of fertilizers and BAY 60-6583 in the plant cultivation unit is increased. Moreover, increased agrochemical input leads to serious nutrient and pesticide runoff to surrounding water body and atmospheric environment, which ultimately increase EP, AP, FAETP, TETP, and GWP. Using a large amount of agrochemicals corresponds to high fossil energy consumption, which decreases NER and NEG in response to reduced “fresh biomass × total sugar content.” Implementing reasonable management practices in the plant cultivation unit to alleviate salinity stress and to increase the fresh biomass and total sugar content of sweet sorghum stem is crucial to improve energy efficiency and environmental performance.

1 year ago

Fig xA Plot of average

Fig. 14. Plot of average Nusselt number ratio between different RGO based hybrid mixtures and Myristoylcarnitine fluid.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Fig. 15. Plot of surface temperature against mean velocity for RGO and its hybrid mixtures at (a) x = 20D and (b) x = 40D.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Fig. 16. Plot of (a) average heat transfer coefficient and (b) average Nusselt number against mean velocity for RGO and its hybrid mixtures.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
3.5. Pressure drop and friction factor analysis for RGO and its hybrid complexes
Fig. 17. Plot of exothermic (a) pressure loss and (b) friction factor versus mean velocity for RGO.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Fig. 18. Plot of (a) pressure loss and (b) friction factor against mean velocity for RGO and its hybrid mixtures.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

1 year ago

During the th century economic decision making

Table 2.
Environmental impact cost themes.AirWaterLandMaterials and energyClimate changeWater pollutionLoss of Temsirolimus and forestsRaw materialAir pollutionWater consumptionChange of landscapeWasteImpact on soilsEnergy and energy carriersFull-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV
2.3. Human capital
Fagerberg has recently added to the human capital discussion in stating that it is first by practical application that education shows its value. Innovative technology and problem-solving gives a competitive edge and raises economic efficiency [88]. Good health affects endurance and better work attendance of the work force. Pollution and degrading work environment can have negative effects on health in society as a whole and acts negatively on effective use of human resources [89] and [90].
Human capital will therefore be taken as educational background and know-how, which is plasmids manifested in capabilities to offer service and production. These can benefit society as a whole.

1 year ago

Enterprise s low carbon product multi objective

The carbon emissions computation for the enterprise product (such as lathe) in the case study GSK1838705A imprecise and needs further improve. It is better to consider the carbon emissions of product lifecycle. In addition, the low-carbon product multi-objective optimization design for multi-level coupled system of electromechanical product is deserved to study.
L-CPMOD is expected to be helpful for enterprise's low-carbon product optimization design.
AcknowledgmentsThis research is supported by the Innovation Fund for Technology Based Firms of China under Grant (No. 11C26212120492), the National High Technology Research and Development Program of China under Grant (No. 2013AA040303) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant (No. 50975039).
Appendix A. Table A.1.
The correlation degree between module MijkMijk and performance PdPd (Wei, 2010).P1P2P3P4P5P6P7P8P9P10P11P1P2P3P4P5P6P7P8P9P10P11M11177194497944M21397741797944M11274074147474M22199474794941M11399197797997M22247014747411M12199404749914M22377441477910M12247114997941M23174177997441M12377414997941M23247104771447M13174714477499M23314019497141M13297747997999M24140411417100M13399949474944M24214401749104M13474714744701M25104744077144M14147401741710M25217977197474M14299414974911M31119419794414M14344714141497M31217409474404M21174104414471M32114714414101M21297414747794Note: MijkMijk is Meissner's corpuscles the kth module entity belonging to the jth module series belonging to the ith module type corresponding to Table A.1. For example, K223 (shaded area) is the 3rd module entity belonging to the 2nd module series belonging to 2nd module type.Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSVTable A.4.

1 year ago

Firstly at present simple and

From the perspective of power enterprises, power enterprises are also the beneficiaries to carry out DSM. The implementation of DSM will significantly reduce investment in constructing power plants. Through load shifting, load rate of power grid will be increased and PP242 consumption will be reduced as well as utilization hours of power generation equipments will be increased. When combining power transmission, transmission and distribution all together, the loss can be compensated within enterprise and the benefit can be shared equally within the enterprise. Due to the fact that power enterprises are separate from power grid network, only power enterprises can gains the saving investment [12]. Power grid companies have to bear the loss of profits alone. From the perspective of social fairness, it is not conducive to the long-term sustainable development of DSM.
Here, two-fold power price is divided into capacity price and energy price. The capacity price is determined based on the transformer capacity and the maximum demand of customer power equipment, which reflects the fixed cost of the electric power enterprise. The energy price is determined by the actual power consumption per month which reflects the variable cost of the electric power enterprise.P=aM+dHHorP=aMH+dwhere P is the electricity price and a is the capacity price of maximum load per kW; M is the transformer capacity and the maximum demand of customer power equipment; d is the energy price of the per kW determined by ammeter and H is power consumption (kW h).

1 year ago

Appendix A xA Supplementary data Supplementary data xA This

Table 1.
Isotherms parameters of MB adsorption on CP and MCA.Isothermal modelsParametersCPMCALangmuirQm (mg/g)103.09163.93KL (L/mg)0.059150.2155RL0.03206–0.24850.00901–0.08322R20.99990.9998FreundlichKF ((mg/g)(L/mg)1/n)60.219728.1993n5.12824.4923R20.84010.8925D–RQm (mg/g)91.5971147.8354KD (mol2/kJ2)2E−057E−07R20.87460.8954Qexp (mg/g)98.62163.01Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV
Furthermore, a dimensionless constant, RL, obtained from Langmuir model was used to reflect the essential characteristic of the Langmuir model. The RL can be calculated from the constant KL ( Cao et al., 2014 and Zhou et al., 2014b).equation(4)RL=11+KLC0where C0 (mg/L) 5-Iodotubercidin the initial dye concentration in solution and KL (L/mg) is the Langmuir isotherm coefficients related to the free energy of adsorption.
The value of RL describes the tendency of the adsorption process, which is either unfavorable (RL > 1), liner (RL = 1), favorable (0 < RL < 1), or irreversible (RL = 0). Greater affinity between the adsorbent and the adsorbate is inferred when RL is smaller. The RL values were in the range of 0.03206–0.2485 for CP and 0.00901–0.08322 for MCA, which implies that the adsorption of MB onto both CP and MCA was a favorable and useful process. Moreover, the RL value for MCA was smaller than that for CP, thus it can be concluded that the affinity of the adsorbents to MB is enhanced after the introduction of the nano-size Fe3O4 onto the surface of CP, which is consistent with the results observed during the adsorption tests.

1 year ago

Table WDS atomic values measured

Table 1.
Properties of the three layers of the ceramic membrane.LayerPore radiusThicknessVoid fractionTortuosity110 nm20 μm0.632100 nm150 μm0.6336 μm2 mm0.63Full-size tableTable optionsView in workspaceDownload as CSV
Fig. 2. Mass flow (a) and mass flow ratio (b). The mass flow for the two flow directions, m?A and m?B, MDV3100 made dimensionless with the isothermal purely free molecular flow of the gaseous phase, m?gas,Knudsen. The ratio m?A/m?B is shown in (b). Numbers in circles mark values of p1/psatp1/psat referred to in Fig. 3.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Fig. 3. Phases within the membrane. Some values of p1/psatp1/psat are also denoted by numbers in circles, cf. Fig. 2.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
For p1=psatp1=psat, the mass flux of m?B≈50m?gas,Knudsen corresponds to m?B≈400 g/(m2m2 s). For marine biome value, the Eckert-number in the free space downstream of the membrane is about 1.5×10-61.5×10-6 and the Mach-number, also in the free space, is about 2×10-42×10-4.